De-colonize gender healers

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*AGNOCIDE: or Agnodike was the earliest historical, and likely apocryphal, midwife mentioned among the ancient Greeks. She was a native of Athens, where it was forbidden by law for women or slaves to study medicine. According, however, to Hyginus, on whose authority alone the whole story rests, Agnodice disguised herself in men's clothing, and attended the lectures of a physician named Hierophilus, devoting herself chiefly to the study of midwifery and gynaecology

*TOYPURINA (1760-1799) was a Tongva/Gabrieliño Native American medicine woman who opposed the rule of colonization by Spanish missionaries in California, and led an unsuccessful rebellion against them.
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*HENRIETTA LACKS: her cancer cells, taken without her knowledge, are part of many important medical and scientific discoveries. Chances are each of us is the recipient a prevention or cure in which Henrietta Lacks' cells played a role. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks is a great read that highlights complex social and scientific issues, and the intersection between the two.
*SUSIE WALKING BEAR YELLOWTAIL While working with the then Indian Health Service from 1929 to1931, helped to bring modern health care to her own people and to end abuses in the Indian health care system, such as the sterilization of Native American women without their consent. She effectively communicated Native American culture and perspectives to non-Indians throughout the country then as well as throughout her public service career.(1903-1981).

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*BETSY THUNDER HoChunk Medicine Woman, Wisconsin, 1913. From the book Women's Wisconsin, about womens diverse roles as farmers, chiefs, and medicine women. In the 1700s the chief was a woman, Hopoekaw, who guided the HoChunk through the French colonization of Wisconsin and the later American intrusion.

*JACQUELINE FELICIE (1290-d.after 1322) We know of this French healer due to the records from her trial when she was brought before the Inquisition by male physicians who felt threatened by her success. Felicie was well-liked, only accepting payment for her services if successful; she was also an advocate for women treating women. She was tried & found guilty of practicing medicine w/o a license & was forbidden from practicing medicine & excommunicated. She disappears from the records after that.
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* MARGARET ANN BULKLEY ó JAMES BARRY: WOMEN IN HIDING James Barry a woman disguised as man to study medicine, admitted to Edinburgh University in 1809.After graduation,was assigned to various British colonies & noted for "his care & struggle to improve the life of patients".Died in 1865 after 46 years working as an army medical officer. It was then,her real identity MARGARET ANN BULKLEY was discovered. Among her many achievements was the first British surgeon to perform a successful C-section, a rare feat for that time.
* GISELLA PERL,a successful Jewish gynaecologist in Romania in the 1930s and 40s.She was taken to Auschwitz in 1944,where she treated women with kindness and compassion.She was asked to report all pregnant women to Josef Mengele- better known as the Angel of Death.When she discovered what was done to them (medical experimentation and torture,ending with often being thrown alive into the crematoriums)she vowed that there would never again be a pregnant woman in Aschwitz.So she began the abortions.
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*MARIE GILLAIN BOIVIN she began studying anatomy and midwifery, on her way to becoming a pioneer in the science of obstetrics, a medical inventor, author, and one of the most important obstetricians of the 19th century, despite being denied admission into medical school because she was a woman.

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